Having analyzed a number of published research papers, the authors of the article come to
conclusion that manipulations in the scientific world can, inter alia, manifest themselves in the
– substitution of the authorship, that is, replacement of the surname of a little-known author
with the surname of a scientific celebrity (manipulation technique “appeal to an authority”)
subsequently distributing the now false scientific text on the Internet. This manipulative technique,
in the absence of an authenticity check obligatory in such cases, causes a whole loop of citations
and references in scientific journals of different countries, since scholars who cite the fake are
mistakenly convinced that they are dealing with a genuine article from a respected author; the
purpose of this manipulation is not to derive direct benefits for the manipulator, but a kind of
scientific trolling: to prove to the academic audience that by falsely attributing the name of an
author authoritative in the scientific world to someone else’s mediocre text, it is possible to make
other scientists take this fake for genuine scientific work;
– the use of scientific works written in a foreign language (without correct references and
citations) in their publications (manipulative technique of direct plagiarism) for gain purpose of
appropriating another person’s piece of writing, passing it off as their own.
The present study has revealed an urgent need both for researchers and for academic
journals’ editors – to carefully verify quoted sources that may be false. Representatives of the
scientific world, traditionally considered to be the most informed community, must not become
victims of manipulative influences.
- : http://ejournal53.com/journals_n/1592498824.pdf
- : Fedorov, A., Levitskaya, A.
- : Media Education, 2020, n 2