What are the tools and mechanisms that can best support the development of open, mediated societies in the digital era? It is imperative to create an enabling environment for identifying the key measures and variables in media literacy policies toward establishing all‐inclusive democratic societies. The core challenge lies in the establishment of active monitoring mechanisms in the form of media and information literacy indicators. It is a fact that there’s an increasing mobility of media literacy initiatives globally that pave the way for sustainable development and active citizenship. However, this activity is not (always) supported by relevant indicators and assessment mechanisms, key constituents for a pluralistic media dynamics for all. On this premise, the main fields where media literacy indicators shall develop are: media pluralism, freedom of expression and information, societal and communication skills, and cognitive and digital skills accompanied by consistent regulation. This entry endeavors to propose a media literacy infrastructure from a policy perspective, exploring all possibilities for setting up media literacy indicators and effective verification measures. At the same time, it will seek interconnections with the role of the state, the regulatory authorities, and relevant media stakeholders toward creating media diverse and sustainable democracies.