WJEC was previously called the Welsh Joint Education Committee. It was established in 1948 as a consortium of local education authorities in Wales. It is now a registered charity, and a company limited by guarantee, owned by the 22 local authorities in Wales. A subsidiary company, WJEC CBAC Services Limited, provides specialist printing and publication services. Now WJEC provides examinations, assessment, professional development, educational resources, support for adults who wish to learn Welsh and access to youth arts activities. It also provides examinations throughout England.